II, Hilmi [1874-1944]. Khedive of
Egypt, 1892-1914. Educated at Vienna.
Hamid II, [1842-1918]. Sultan of Turkey,
Kapitän zur See Richard, Captain, SMS Goeben,
Lt-Col. Charles [1858-1925]. British Military Attaché at Brussels and the
Hague [1899-1902; Military Correspondent of the Times,
Alois, Baron Lexa Von (Count from
1909) [1854-1912]. Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at St. Petersburgh [1899-1906;
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-1912.
Prince Alexander, Crown Prince of
Servia since 1909.
Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral) Jean François Charles [1861-1940].
Commanded Allied Squadron in the Aegean, 1918.
Pasha, Turkish Governor of Adrianople, 1907; Minister of Marine, 1909.
Herbert Henry [1852-1928]. Liberal MP, 1886-1918, 1920-4. Home Secretary,
1892-5; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1905-8; Prime Minister, 1908-16; Secretary
of State for War, 30 March-5 August, 1914.
Victor [1855-1931]. French Minister of Marine, 1914-8.
Sir Henry [1863-1923]. Director of the National Bank of Turkey, 1909-13.
Sir Arthur James (later the Earl of Balfour) [1848-1930]. Conservative MP,
1874-85, 1885-1906, 1906-22. First Lord of the Treasury, 1891-2, 1895-1902;
Prime Minister, 1902-5; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1915-6; Foreign Secretary,
Rear-Admiral George Alexander [1862-1948]. Assistant Director of the
Intelligence Department; Director of the Operations Division, Admiralty; Admiral
of Patrols, East Coast, 1914-16; Senior Naval Officer, Malta, 1916-18.
Mr. C. A. De R.2nd Secretary at British Embassy at Paris, 1900-4; at Rio de
Janeiro, 1904-6; 1st Secretary at British Legation at Bucharest, 1907-8
(sometimes Chargé d’Affaires); at
Mr. (since 1908, Sir) G. H. [1862-1921]. 2nd Secretary at British Embassy,
Constantinople, 1898-1902; Secretary of Legation (later Councillor) at Tokyo,
1902-6; Councillor of Embassy at Constantinople, 1906-8 (sometimes Chargé
d’Affaires); Minister at Tehran, 1908-1912; at Bucharest, 1912-18.
M. Camille, French Ambassador at Rome, 1897-1924.
Sir Eric, Private Secretary to the Marquess of Lansdowne, 1900-5; Assistant
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1906-7.
Prince Louis Alexander of (later Admiral of the Fleet, Marquess of
Milfordhaven) [1854-1921]. Director of Naval Intelligence, 1903-5; commanded 2nd
Cruiser Squadron, 1905-7; second in command, Mediterraneanm 1908; C-in-C,
Atlantic Fleet, 1910; Second Sea Lord, 1911; First Sea Lord, 1912-4.,
Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis [1857-1938]. Commander of the 3rd Battle Squadron,
1913-4; 1st Battle Squadron, 1914-15.
Sir Henry George Outram [1859-1929]. British Minister at Berne, 1909-11; at
Admiral David [1871-1936]. Naval Secretary to the First Lord, 1912; in
command of the 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron from 1914; C-in-C, Grand Fleet,
1916-19; First Sea Lord, 1919-27.,
Sir Henry [1867-1949]. Counsellor at Athens, 1910-4; Counsellor at
Constantinople, 1914 (Chargé d’Affaires
Count Alexander [1849-1917]. Russian Ambassador at London, 1903-17.
Leopold, Count Von [1863-1942]. Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at St.
Petersburgh, 1906-11; Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1912-15.
Admiral Sir Charles William de la Poer [1846-1919]. Conservative MP,
1874-80, 1885-9, 1897-1900, 1902, 1910-6. Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean,
1905-7; Channel, 1907-9.,
Sir Francis Leveson (since 1915, 1st Baron; 1918, 1st Viscount) [1844-1919].
British Ambassador at Rome, 1903-4; at Paris, 1905-18.,
Herr Theobald von [1856-1921]. Prussian Minister of the Interior, 1905-7;
German Minister for the Interior, 1907-9; German Imperial Chancellor, 1909-17.
Amiral Amadée, Conducted the French parliamentary inquiry into the Goeben
Sir Frederick William [1863-1930]. Director of Naval Contracts, 1905-15;
managing director, Anglo-Persian Oil Company, 1919-23.
Sir Adam Samuel James [1865-1941]. Chief Dragoman to the British Embassy at
Constantinople [1894-1903; Representative of the British and Dutch Bondholders
on the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt, 1903; President of the British
Chamber of Commerce from 1907 to 1914.
M. Maurice [1854-1935]. French Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1902-8; at
Admiral Sir Francis Charles [1848-1929]. Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet,
1907-9; First Sea Lord, 1911-2. Removed to make way for Battenberg.
William St. John Fremantle (9th Viscount Midleton & 1st Earl of Midleton)
[1856-1942]. Conservative MP [1880-1906; Secretary of State for War, 1900-3.
Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Francis Clifton [1874-1963]. Head of the Naval
Mission to Greece, 1917-19.
Sir George William [1854-1924]. British Agent and Consul-General in
Bulgaria, 1903-9; Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1910-18; at Rome, 1919-21.
Herr Alfred Von, German Minister at Berne, 1898-1912.
Bernard Count Von (since 1905, Prince) [1849-1929]. German Imperial
Noel Edward [1869-1948]. Liberal MP, 1905-6, 1910-18. Labour MP, 1922-30.
Co-founded the Balkan Committee, 1903.,
Heinrich Baron Von, Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at Constantinople,
Sir George Astley, Admiral [1852-1920]. Admiral commanding the First and
Second Fleets, 1911-14; Commander-in-Chief, the Nore, 1915-18.,
Major-General Charles Edward [1859-1928]. Intelligence Branch, War Office
[1887-92. Retired from the Army in 1909 and recalled to the active list in 1914.
Director of Military Operations and Intelligence, 1914-6.
M. Jules, French Ambassador at Madrid, 1902-7; at Berlin, 1907-14.
M. Paul [1843-1924]. French Ambassador at London [1898-1920.
Sir Henry [1836-1908]. Liberal MP [1868-1908; Prime Minister, 5 December
1905-4 April 1908.
Vice-Admiral Sackville Hamilton [1857-1930]. Admiral Superintendent, Malta,
1912-4; Commander of the Anglo-French Squadrons in the Eastern Mediterranean 20
September 1914-16 March 1915.
Mr. L. D.Councillor of British Embassy at Vienna, 1907-8 (sometimes Chargé
Sir Fairfax L. [1857-1928]. Councillor of British Embassy at Madrid, 1905-6;
Minister Resident at Munich and Stuttgart, 1906-8; Ambassador at Vienna,
Sir Ernest [1852-1921]. British Financier.
Right Hon. Joseph [1836-1914]. Secretary of State for the Colonies,
Joseph Austen [1863-1937]. Conservative MP, 1892-1937. Chancellor of the
King Charles I, King of Roumania,
Mr. (later Sir) Valentine [1852-1929]. Director of the Foreign Department of
the Times, 1899-1912.
Captain W. D.Captain, HMS Weymouth,
Sir Winston [1874-1965]. President of the Board of Trade, 1908-10; Home
Secretary, 1910-11; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1911-5.
M. Georges [1841-1929]. French Minister of the Interior, 1906; Premier and
Minister of the Interior, 1906-9; Premier and Minister of War, 1917-20.
Sir George R. [1874-1951]. First Secretary at Constantinople, 1910-2; Senior
Clerk at the Foreign Office (Eastern Department), 1913-4.
Admiral Paul, Commander-in-Chief, Greek navy, 1914.
M. Jean E. [1833-1913]. French Ambassador at Constantinople 1899-1909.
[1868-1923]. King of Greece, 1913-17 and 1920-2.
Captain Charles Penrose Rushton [1870-1939]. Commanded 5th destroyer
Sir Julian [1854-1922]. Naval historian.
Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher [1862-1914]. Rear-Admiral Commanding North
America & West Indies Station, 1913-14. Killed at Coronel.
Sir Richard Frederick [1863-1919]. Customs Adviser to the Ottoman
Government, 1904-11; Adviser to the Ottoman Ministry of Finance, 1911-14.
Commander Thomas Evars [1875-1942]. Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord,
Marquess [1858-1945]. Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1908-10;
Secretary of State for India, 1910-15.
1st Earl of (Evelyn Baring) [1841-1917]. British Consul-General and Agent in
Egypt [1883 [1885-1907.
Mr. (later Sir) Eyre [1864-1925]. Entered Foreign Office [1885. Senior
Clerk, British Foreign Office, 1906-12; Assistant Under-Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, 1912-20; Permanent Under-Secretary, 1920-5.,
M.French Ambassador at Vienna, 1907-12.
Rear-Admiral (later Vice-Admiral Sir) Michael [1867-1925]. Director of
Mobilization, Admiralty, 1916-18; commanded British Aegean Squadron, 1918.
Major Frederick [1868-1946]. Attached to the Greek Army during the Balkan
Wars, 1912-3; Military Attaché to Turkey, 1913-4. Lieutenant-Colonel, October
of Kedleston, George Nathaniel, 1st
Baron [1859-1925]. Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
[1895-8; Viceroy and Governor-General of India,
Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral) Pierre Joseph Gabriel Georges [1859-1931].
Commanded Division des écoles de la Méditerranée, 1913; commanded 3e
escadre (Syrian Coast), 1914-15; commanded 2e
du Fournet, Vice-Amiral Louis René [1856-1940]. Senior Admiral of
International Squadron at Constantinople, 1912-13; Préfet Maritime, Bizerta,
Bunsen, Sir Maurice William Ernest [1852-1932]. First Secretary and Chargé
d’Affaires at Constantinople [1897-1902; at Paris, 1902-5; Minister at
Lisbon, 1905-6; Ambassador at Madrid, 1906-13; at Vienna, 1913-14.
M. Théophile [1852-1923]. French Minister of Foreign Affairs 1898-1905 and
Alim Pavlovich, Prince of San Donato, Russian Minister to Athens, 1912-7.
Salis, Midshipman (later Captain) A. F.Midshipman, HMS Defence,
Henri Wilhelm August [1866-1939]. Director-General of Royal Dutch Petroleum.
Gabriel Pierre [1854-1940]. French Minister to Athens, 1909-15.
Commander (later Vice-Admiral) Kenneth [1879-1964]. Commander, HMS Prince
of Wales, Home Fleet, 1914.
Commander (later Admiral Sir) Gerald Charles [1879-1962]. Commanded HMS Harpy,
5th destroyer flotilla, 1914.
Dr. Emile Joseph [1854-1933]. Philologist, author and journalist. Daily
Telegraph correspondent [1887-1914.
Pasha [1875-1926]. Turkish Deputy for Salonica, member of the CUP inner
circle. Minister of Finance, 1909-11, 1912, and from January 1913.
Pasha, Ahmed [1872-1922]. Member
of the CUP Central Committee. Vali of Adana, 1909; of Baghdad, 1911; Military
Governor of Constantinople, 1913; Minister of Public Works, 1914; Minister of
Marine, 1914; commanded the 4th Army in Syria, 1914-7; Minister of Marine,
Bey, Turkish Councillor of Embassy at London, 1908-14.
Commander Barry, Assistant Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1914.
Karl, Junior officer, SMS Breslau,
General Sir Charles Wittingham Horsley [1850-1914]. Chief of the Imperial
General Staff, 4 August-25 October, 1914.
Captain (later Admiral) Philip Wylie [1868-1948]. Naval Attaché, Germany,
Denmark and Holland, 1906-8; Secretary, Royal Commission on Oil Fuel, 1912-13;
commanded HMS Roxburgh, 1913-14;
Assistant Director of Torpedoes, Admiralty, 1914-17; commanded HMS Agamemnon,
Miss M. E. [1863-1944]. Balkan Correspondent of the Manchester
Pasha, Marshal, Turkish Minister of War, 1909.
Mr. E. F. A. J.British Acting Vice-Consul at Smyrna 1894-7; 1901-6; Acting
Sir Francis Edmund Hugh [1851-1940]. British Agent and Consul-General in
Bulgaria 1895-1903; Minister at Athens, 1903-17.
Pasha, Turkish Minister of Marine, 1909.
Pasha [1882-1922]. Turkish Military Attaché at Berlin, 1909, 1912, 1913; served
in the Italo-Turkish War, 1912; Lieutenant-Colonel, 1913; Major-General and
Minister of War from 1914; commanded the Turkish Army in the Caucasus, 1914-5;
Viscount (since 1917, 2nd Earl of Cromer), Private Secretary to Sir Charles
Rt Hon. Sir William [1871-1952]. Second son of the 11th Earl of Mar and
Kellie. First Secretary, British Legation, Athens, 1913-17.
2nd Viscount (Reginald Baliol Brett) [1852-1930]. Liberal MP 1880-5. A
permanent member of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 1905-18.
Pasha, Commander of the Turkish IIIrd Army Corps, 1907-8. Leader of a
provisional Albanian Government from October 1914.
Lt-Gen. Sir John Spencer [1861-1930]. Director of Military Operations,
Mr. (later Sir) H. C. A.British Consul-General at Constantinople, 1905-14.
Pasha, Ferik, Turkish Vali of Monastir, 1908.
M. Armand [1841-1931]. President of the French Republic, 1906-13.
Pasha, Head of the Secret Police in Constantinople.
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria
1887-1909; HM the King of Bulgaria, 1909-18 [1861-1948].
Pasha, Turkish Grand Vizier, 1903-8; Minister of the Interior, 1908-9.
Admiral Sir John Arbuthnot (later Admiral of the Fleet, Lord Fisher of
Kilverstone) [1841-1920]. Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Squadron,
1900-2; Second Sea Lord, 1902; C-in-C, Portsmouth, 1903; First Sea Lord, 1904-10
and October 1914-May 1915. Head of the Royal Commission on Fuel and Engines,
1912-4. Created Baron, 1909.
Lord Edmond George (since 1906, 1st Baron Fitzmaurice of Leigh) [1846-1935].
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1883-5, 1905-8.
Gerald Henry [1865-1939]. Student Interpreter 1888; acting Vice-Consul at
Van, 1891-2; at Erzeroum, 1892-3; at Trebizond, 1893; acting Third Dragoman at
British Embassy, Constantinople, 1894-5; Vice-Consul at Smyrna, 1895-6; at Adana,
1896; Third Dragoman, 1897; Consul at Salonica, 1900-1; at the Dardanelles,
1902; Consul at Constantinople, 1905; 2nd Dragoman at Embassy at Constantinople,
1906-7; Chief Dragoman, 1907-12.
d’Esperey, General (later Marshal) Louis Félix [1856-1942]. Fifth Army,
1914; commanded Army Group of the East, 1916; Army Group of the North, 1917;
Army Group of the Centre, 1918; Allied C-in-C, Salonica, June-November 1918.
Franz Jospeh I [1830-1916]. Emperor
of Austria from 1848 and King of Hungary from 1867.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir) Sydney [1867-1958]. Prosecutor, Troubridge
court-martial; commanded British Aegean Squadron, 1917-18; Deputy Chief of the
Naval Staff, 1918-19.
Field-Marshal Sir John Denton Pinkstone [1852-1925]. Chief of the Imperial
General Staff, 1912-4; Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force,
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Douglas Austin [1856-1934]. Naval Adviser to
Turkish Government, 1909-10; commander, 6th Cruiser Squadron, 1910-4; 4th Battle
Squadron, 1914-5; Admiralty War Staff, 1915-17.
Vice-Amiral Dominique Marie [1857-1931]. Directeur, Service des Travaux,
1914; commanded French Squadron at the Dardanelles, 1915-16; nominal Allied
C-in-C, Mediterranean, 1916-19.
Dr Armand Elzéar, French Minister of Marine, 1914.
John [1844-1932]. Greek Minister to London, 1910-8.
David Lloyd [1863-1945]. Liberal MP [1890-1931. Chancellor of the Exchequer,
1908-15; Minister of Munitions, 1915-16; Prime Minister & First Lord of the
Ahmed Mukhtar, Pasha [1839-1918]. President of the Turkish Senate, 1911; Grand
Vizier, July-October 1912.
M. Michael Nikolaevich de [1856-1924]. Russian Minister at Bucharest,
1902-12; Ambassador at Constantinople, 1912-4; at Rome, 1915-7.
Edouard Percy Cranwill [1867-1932]. Director of Armstrong, Whitworth &
Co.1912; Director-General of Munitions Supply, 1915-7.
General Colmar von der [1843-1916]. German general on loan to reorganize the
Ottoman Army, 1883-95, 1908-11; Commander, 1st Turkish Army, Mesopotamia, April
Sir William Edward [1847-1924]. British Ambassador at Vienna, 1905-8; at
Vice-Admiral (later Admiral of the Fleet) Sir Arthur [1864-1937]. Commanded
2nd Cruiser Squadron, 1914-16; Second Sea Lord, 1916; C-in-C, Mediterranean,
Mr (later Sir) Robert W. [1858-1934]. British Consul-General at Salonica,
1903-8; Delegate on the International Financial Commission in Macedonia, 1907;
Adviser to the Ottoman Ministry of Finance, 1909-14; Inspector-General and
Adviser to the Ottoman Ministry of the Interior, 1914.
Sir William Graham [1857-1950]. Principal Clerk, Admiralty, 1902-7;
Assistant Secretary, 1907-11; Permanent Secretary, 1911-7.
Sir Edward (since 1916, Viscount) [1862-1933]. Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 11 December 1905 — 11 December 1916.
Major-Gen. Sir James Moncrieff [1859-1914]. Director of Military Operations,
M.Greek Minister at Constantinople, 1903-10.
Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral) Emile Paul Aimable [1856-1939]. Commanded
division de complément, August 1914; Escadre des Dardanelles, September
M. Ivan E. Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Bulgaria.
M. Ivan S. Bulgarian Diplomatic Agent and Minister at Constantinople,
Herr Arthur von, Director of the Deutsche Bank.
Pasha [1863-1918]. Turkish Minister of the Interior and of Public Instruction,
1908-9; Ambassador to Rome, 1909-10; Grand Vizier, January 1910-September 1911;
conducted negotiations with the British Government regarding Mesopotamia and the
Persian Gulf, 1913-14.
Richard Burdon (since 1911, 1st Viscount) [1856-1928]. Liberal MP
[1885-1911. Secretary of State for War, 1905-12; Lord Chancellor, 1912-5.
Pasha, Chairman of the Turkish
Chamber of Deputies.
Pasha, Mehmed Saïd [1863-1921]. President of the Council of State, 1912;
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Grand Vizier, 1913-17.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir) William Reginald [1870-1943]. Director of
the Intelligence Division at the Admiralty, 1914-8.
Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Tower [1856-1917]. Second Sea Lord, 1914-6.
General Sir John [1859-1946]. Chief of the British Military Mission, Russian
Army in the Field, 1914-7.
Maurice Pascal Alers (later 1st Baron Hankey) [1877-1963]. Entered Royal
Marine Artillery, 1895; Captain, 1899. Naval Intelligence Department, 1902-7;
Assistant Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 1908-12; Secretary,
C.I.D.1912-38; of the War Council, November 1914-May 1915; of the Dardanelles
Committee, May-November 1915; of the Cabinet War Committee, December
1915-December 1916; of the War Cabinet, 1916-8. Lieutenant-Colonel, Royal
Sir Charles (since 1910, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst) [1858-1944].
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1903-4; Ambassador at
St. Petersburg, 1904-6; Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
1906-10; Viceroy and Governor-General of India, 1910-6; Ambassador at Paris,
Rear-Admiral (later Vice-Admiral) Arthur [1863-1952]. Commanded HMS Ocean,
1914-15; Rear-Admiral, Salonica and Piraeus, 1916-17; commanded British Aegean
Squadron, 1918. Relieved by the Admiralty after the Goeben sortie of January 1918.
Sir M.Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1895-1902.
Lieutanent Norman, VC. Commanded submarine at Dardanelles, 1914.
Sir Francis John Stephens [1860-1947]. Additional Civil Lord, Admiralty,
Major (later Colonel), French Military Attaché at London, 1906-11.
Korvettenkapitän Hans, Son of a noted archaeologist. Commander of the
German Naval base (Etappenkommando),
Constantinople, 1914. Formerly commander of Loreley,
the German stationnaire at the Porte.
Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1889-1908.
Hilmi, Pasha [1855-1923]. Turkish Inspector General of Macedonia, 1902-8;
Minister of the Interior, 1908-9; Grand Vizier, 1909; Ambassador at Vienna,
Husni Pasha, Turkish Commander of
the Investing Army, 1909.
Pasha, Commander in Chief of Turkish IIIrd Army Corps, 1908-9.
Fethi Pasha, Turkish Minister at
Hakki Pasha, Legal Adviser to the
Sublime Porte, 1906; Minister of the Interior and Public Instruction, 1909;
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1909-11.
M. Alexander [1856-1919]. Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-10;
Ambassador at Paris, 1910-7.
Admiral Sir Henry Brawardine [1855-1929]. Commanded RN War College, 1911-13;
Chief of Admiralty War Staff, 1913; was destined to replace Milne as C-in-C,
Medt.1914, but appointment rescinded; First Sea Lord, May 1915-Decemebr 1916;
President, RN College, Greenwich, 1916-19.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir) Thomas [1868-1945]. Director of the
Intelligence Division, War Staff, 1912-13; Director of the Operations Division,
January 1915-June 1917; C-in-C, Egypt and Red Sea, July 1917-January 1919.
Gottlieb von [1863-1935]. German Foreign Secretary, 1913-6.
Admiral (later Admiral of the Fleet) Sir John Rushworth [1859-1935]. Second
Sea Lord, 1912-14; Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet, 1914-6; First Sea
Lord, 1916-7. Created Viscount, 1918; 1st Earl, 1925.
Bey, Turkish Councillor of Embassy at London, 1908-14.
General Joseph Jacques Césaire [1852-1931]. Chief of French General Staff,
1911; C-in-C, French Armies in north and north-east, 1914; C-in-C of French
Armies in the west, 1915-16.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) William A. Howard [1873-1952]. Commanded HMS Gloucester,
1914-16; liaison officer at French Ministry of Marine, 1916-17.
Captain John D. [1871-1936]. Commanded HMS Dublin,
Captain Francis, Commanded HMS Indomitable, 1914.
Philip Henry (later 11th Marquess of Lothian) [1882-1940]. Secretary to
Lloyd George, 1916-21.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Mark Edward Frederic [1864-1944]. Naval Attaché,
Italy, Austria, Turkey and Greece, 1903-4. Head of the British Naval Mission to
Greece and Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Navy, 1913-5; first flag officer to
qualify as a pilot, 1914; Commander-in-Chief of the British Squadron in the
Adriatic, 1916-7; Major-General, Royal Air Force, 1918; Deputy Chief of the Air
Commander, Commanded SMS Breslau,
Pasha [1832-1913]. Turkish Grand Vizier, 1885-91, 1895; Vali of Smyrna,
1895-1906; Grand Vizier, August 1908-February 1909, October 1912-January 1913.
Herr von. German Minister at Bucharest, 1899-1910; Attached to German
Foreign Office, 1908-9; Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1910-2.
General Sir Herbert (later Earl Kitchener) [1850-1916]. Sirdar of the
Egyptian Army [1892-9; Commander-in-Chief, India, 1902-9; Agent and
Consul-General at Cairo, 1911-4; Secretary of State for War, 1914-6.,
Herr Richard von [1873-1949]. Councillor of German Embassy at London,
1908-14; on missions to Turkey and Scandinavia, 1915-7; Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 1917-8.
Mr (since 1919, Sir) Harry Harling [1857-1948]. Chief Dragoman to the
British Embassy at Constantinople, 1903-7; Consul-General at Salonica, 1907-13;
at the Foreign Office, 1914-8.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) Cecil Foley [1864-1928]. 4th Sea Lord, 1913-6;
commanded 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron 1916-18; commanded British Aegean Squadron,
Count, Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1901-6.
The 5th Marquess of, [1845-1927]. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 12
November 1900 – 11 December 1905.
Vice-Admiral Auguste Emmanuel Hubert Gaston Marie Boué de [1852-1924].
French Minister of Marine, 1909-11; C-in-C, Première Armée Navale, 1911-15;
Vice-Admiral Commanding the Allied Naval forces, Mediterranean, 1914-5.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) Frank [1875-1953]. Commanded HMS Doris
in Eastern Mediterranean, 1914-16.
Sir Frank Cavendish [1841-1920]. British Ambassador at Berlin, 1895-1908.
Andrew Bonar [1858-1923]. Conservative MP, 1900-10, 1911-23. Leader of the
Opposition from 1911.
Bris, Vice-Amiral Pierre Ange Marie [1856-1940]. Directeur du service des
travaux, 1912; conducted secret talks with Battenberg, 1913; commanded 2e
Rear-Admiral Arthur Cavenagh [1868-1929]. Director of the Operations
Division, Admiralty, 1914-15.
von Sanders, General (later Field Marshal) Otto [1855-1929]. Head of the
German Military Mission to Turkey, 1913-4; Inspector-General of Turkish Army,
1914; commanded Turkish 5th Army at Gallipoli, 1915-6.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Sir Arthur [1862-1931]. British Naval Adviser
to the Turkish Government, 1912-4; Admiral-Superintendent, Malta, 1914-6.
George Ambrose (later 1st Baron) [1879-1941]. Honorary Attaché,
Walter (later 1st Viscount Long) [1854-1924]. Conservative MP, 1880-1921.
Sir G. A. [1858-1916]. British Minister at Tangier, 1905-8; Ambassador at
H. F. B. [1862-1913]. Partner in the Euphrates Steam Navigation Company.
Hon. Sir Neville, General, Chief of the General Staff, War Office, 1904-8.
Reginald [1863-1943]. Liberal MP, 1895-1918. First Lord of the Admiralty,
1908-11; Home Secretary, 1911-5; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1915-6.
Sir Edward Montague Compton [1883-1972]. Author; worked for British
Intelligence in Greece from 1915.
Mr J. W. R.2nd Secretary at the British Embassy, Constantinople, 1905-7;
Chargé d’Affaires at Belgrade, 1907.,
Mukhtar Pasha, Turkish Commander of 1st Army Corps, 1909.
M.Bulgarian President of the Council, 1908-11.
Sir Louis du Pan [1864-1936]. Assistant Clerk, British Foreign Office,
1902-5; Private Secretary to Sir Edward Grey, 1905-6; Senior Clerk, 1906-7;
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1907-13; Ambassador at
Mr (later Sir) Charles M. [1862-1933]. Councillor of British Embassy at
Tehran, 1906-8; Councillor and Chargé
d’Affaires at Constantinople, 1908-13.
von Bieberstein, Adolf Baron [1842-1912]. German Ambassador at
Constantinople, 1897-1912; at London, 1912.
Sir Edward [1872-1953]. Private Secretary to Churchill from 1905.
James Edward [1878-1938]. Private Secretary to the First Lord of the
Mr R. P.Senior Clerk in British Foreign Office, 1902-13.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William [1849-1930]. Third Sea Lord, 1901; C-in-C,
Atlantic Fleet, 1905; Second Sea Lord, 1907; C-in-C, Home Fleet, 1909-11;
C-in-C, Plymouth, 1911-13.
Reshad Effendi [1844-1918]. Sultan of Turkey, 1909-18.
Riza Pasha. Turkish Minister of
Albert Count [1861-1945]. 1st Secretary at the Austro-Hungarian Embassy at
London, 1904; Ambassador at London, 1904-14.
de Lostende, Capitaine de Vaisseau (later Contre-Amiral) [1860-1950]. French
Naval Attaché at London, 1905-11; 1916-18.
Count Paul von Wolff-, German Ambassador at London, 1901-12.
Admiral Sir Hedworth [1856-1929]. C-in-C, Portsmouth, 1912-16; President of
the Court of Inquiry convened to investigate Troubridge’s conduct.
Alexandre [1859-1943]. French Minister of War, January 1912-January 1913 and
January 1914-October 1915.
Admiral Sir Archibald Berkeley [1855-1938]. Second in command, Atlantic
Fleet, 1905; second in command, Channel, 1908; commanded 2nd division, Home
Fleet, 1909-10; Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Squadron, 1912-4.
Lt-General (later Field Marshal) Sir George Francis [1866-1948]. Chief Staff
Officer, III Corps, 1914; commanded 27th Division, 1915; commanded XVI Corps,
1916; Commander-in-Chief, British Salonica Force, 1916-18.
M.Serbian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1908-12.
Admiral Sir Archibald Gordon [1862-1934]. Naval assistant to Admiral Fisher,
1907-8; Director of Naval Ordnance and Torpedoes, 1909-12; Third Sea Lord,
1912-14; Commander of the 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron, 1914.
Henry [1856-1946]. American Ambassador at Constantinople, 1913-6.
John, Viscount Morley [1838-1923]. Liberal MP, 1883-1908. Secretary of State
for India, 1905-10; Lord President of the Council, 1910-4.
General Sir James Wolfe
[1853-1919]. Chief of the Imperial General Staff, October 1914-September 1915.
Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at London, 1903-8.
Lt.-Col. Henry Dundas [1864-1941]. British Military Attaché at Belgrade,
Bey, Head of Military police at Salonica, 1908.
Bey, Major. C.U.P. activist. Conducted a guerrilla campaign in the vicinity of
Monastir after fleeing from Resna on 3 July 1908.
I. M. Nicholas II [1868-1918].
Emperor of Russia, 1894-1917.
Field Marshal Sir William Gustavus (since 1912, 1st Baron) [1845-1918].
Chief of the Imperial General Staff, 1908-12.
Sir Arthur (since 1916, 1st Baron Carnock) [1849-1928]. British Ambassador
at Madrid, 1905-6; at St Petersburg, 1906-10; Permanent Under-Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs, 1910-16.
Saxton William Armstrong [1863-1942]. Managing Director, Armstrong,
Whitworth and Company.
Mr H. J. [1866-1916]. British Councillor of Embassy at St Petersburg,
Sir Nicolas [1843-1908]. British Ambassador at Constantinople, 1898-1908.
Vice-Admiral (later Admiral of the Fleet) Sir Henry Francis [1865-1965].
Naval assistant to Sir John Fisher, 1908-10; Director of Naval Intelligence,
1913-4; Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, November 1914-17.
Pasha, , Marshal of the Turkish Army, 1909.
Count, Russian Ambassador at Berlin, 1895-1912.
Leon, Legal Adviser to the Porte, 1898-1914; later a Director of
Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Langley [1858-1932]. Director of Naval
Intelligence, 1905-7, Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 1907-12;
Director of Armstrong, Whitworth & Company, 1912-7.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) William [1861-1933]. Present as observer at
Tsushima, 1904; Fourth Sea Lord, 1911; Rear-Admiral commanding 3rd Cruiser
Squadron, Home Fleet, 1913; commanded 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron, 1915;
commanded Battle Cruiser Fleet, 1917.
M. Maurice Georges [1859-1944]. French Minister at Sofia, 1907-12; Director
of Political and Commercial Affairs, French Foreign Office, 1912-4; Ambassador
at St Petersburg, 1914-17.
Jean, Marquis von [1848-1941]. Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at
Mr Alwyn [1877-1951]. Junior Clerk in British Foreign Office, 1906-12;
Assistant Clerk, 1912-17, Librarian, 1918-19.,
Lieutenant (later Admiral Sir) William Edward [1893-1972]. Lieutenant, HMS Grasshopper,
5th destroyer flotilla, 1914. Commanded HMS Achilles,
Battle of the River Plate, 1939.
Vice-Admiral Hubert von Rebeur- [1863-1933]. Commanded Mittelmeerdivision,
M. Nikola, [c.1846-1926]. Serbian Prime Minister, 1906-8, 1909-11; Prime
Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1912-18.,
Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Henry [1860-1940]. Commander, Allied Naval Forces
on the Suez Canal, 1914-6.
Camille, French Minister of Marine, 1902-5.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) Richard Fortescue [1864-1940]. Captain, HMS Inflexible,
from 28 August 1914. Commanded Inflexible
at the battle of the Falkland Islands, 1914 and at the Dardanelles, 1915.
Principal Beach Master during the landings at Gallipoli, 1915.
M. Stephan, French Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-11.
Admiral Hugo von, Chief of the German Admiralty Staff, 1914.
M. Raymond Nicolas Landry [1860-1934]. French Minister for Finance, 1906;
Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1912-3, 1922-4, 1926-9;
President of the French Republic, 1913-20.
M.Serbian Minister at St Petersburg, 1907-14.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) Laurence Eliot [1864-1927]. Captain
Superintendent of Contract Work on the Tyne, 1912-15; Director of Dockyards and
Repairs, 1915-23. Rear-Admiral, 1916; Vice-Admiral, 1920; Knighted, 1921;
von Wykradt von, Count, German Minister to Athens, 1912-5.
George, Third Secretary at British Legation, Athens, 1914.
Captain (later Admiral Sir) Herbert William [1871-1946]. Assistant Director
of the Operations Division, Admiralty, 1913-5.
Pasha [1860-1925]. Turkish Minister at Athens, 1898-1908; Ambassador at London,
1908-9; Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1909-11; Ambassador at Paris, 1911-14.
Bey, Ahmed [1859-1950]. Turkish President of the Chamber of Deputies,
Captain Ali 1877-]. Turkish Naval Attaché, London, 1913-4.
Pasha, General, Turkish Minister of War, 1908.
Sir James Rennell [1858-1941]. British Ambassador at Rome, 1908-21.
M. Maurice, French Finance Minister, 1902-5; Prime Minister, Finance
Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1905-6.,
Walter [1870-1949]. Liberal MP [1899-1900, 1902-18, 1924-31; National MP,
1931-7. President of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1911-4; President
of the Board of Trade, 1914-6.
Mr (since 1923, Sir) Theo.2nd Secretary at British Embassy at Berlin,
1903-5; Assistant Private Secretary to Sir E. Grey, 1905-8; 1st Secretary (later
Counsellor of Embassy) at Vienna, 1908-14.
Andrew (later Sir Andrew) [1876-1949]. Second Dragoman at the British
Embassy, Constantinople, 1907-14.
Pasha (Küchük Saïd Pasha) [1838-1914]. Turkish Grand Vizier, 1882-5, 1895,
1901-3, 22 July-5 August 1908, September 1911-July 1912.
Capitaine de vaisseau Jean Charles Just Bénigne de [1865-1954]. French
Naval Attaché in London, 1911-6.
The 3rd Marquis of [1830-1903]. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
1895-1900; Prime Minister, 1895-1902.
Major L. L. R. British Consul at Adrianople, 1906-13; head of British secret
service in Greece, 1915.
Herbert Louis [1870-1963]. Postmaster-General, 1910-4; President of the
Local Government Board, 1914-5.
Sir Thomas H. (later Lord Sanderson), Permanent Under-Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 1894-1906.
Giuliano, Marquis di, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1905-6;
Ambassador at London, 1906-10.
Mr H. E.British Vice-Consul at Usküb, 1904-6; Acting Consul-General at
M. Sergei Dmitrievich [1866-1927]. Councillor of Russian Embassy at London,
1904-6; Agent to the Vatican, 1906-9; Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Herr von, German Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1905-7; Minister for Foreign
Admiral Sir Percy [1853-1924]. Captain of the RN Gunnery School, 1903-5;
Inspector of Target Practice, 1905. Hauled down flag 1909 but recalled to
Admiralty for special service, 1914-18.
John Edward Bernard (later Lord Mottistone) [1868-1947]. Secretary of State
for War, 1912-4.
Earl of [1859-1929]. First Lord of the Admiralty, 1900-5.
M. de, French Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1911-2.
Pasha, General of the Turkish Army, 1908.
Pasha, Mahmud [1856-1913]. Turkish Commander of the IIIrd Army Corps,
1908-9; Inspector-General and Minister for War, 1910-2; Grand Vizier,
Sir John Allsebrook [1873-1954]. Liberal MP, 1906-18, 1922-31.
Solicitor-General, 1910-3; Attorney-General with a seat in the Cabinet,
Vice-Admiral Sir Edmond John Warre [1859-1928]. Director of Naval
Intelligence, 1907-8; attached to the Commission on Oil Fuel Supplies, 1912-4.
Rear-Admiral Wilhelm [1864-1933]. Commander of the German Mediterranean
Squadron, October 1913-August 1914. Appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish
Navy, September 1914.
Captain Charles, Commanded HMS Indefatigable, 1914.
Sir Cecil A.Minister at Tehran, 1906-8.
Baron (Arthur John Bigge) [1849-1931]. Assistant Private Secretary to Queen
Victoria, 1880-95; Private Secretary, 1895-1901; Private Secretary to Prince
Geogre, 1901-10; to King George V, 1910-31.
Beatrice Venetia [1887-1948]. A cousin of Clementine Churchill and
Herr, German Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1907-11.
M.Russian Prime Minister, 1906-11.
Rear-Admiral Sir Frederick Charles Doveton [1859-1925]. Assistant Director
of Naval Intelligence, 1900-2; Rear-Admiral, Home Fleet, 1909-10; Chief of the
Admiralty War Staff, 1914; Commander-in-Chief of the 4th Battle Squadron,
Colonel H. C.Military Attaché to the British Embassy at Constantinople and
the Legation at Athens, 1905-9.
1st Baron (Sir George Clarke) [1848-1933]. Secretary to the Committee of
Imperial Defence, 1904-7.
Sir Mark [1879-1919]. Conservative MP, 1910-9. Honorary Attaché at
Constantinople, 1905-7; British negotiator of an inter-Allied territorial
settlement for the Near East, 1916.
Count, Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at Berlin, 1892-1914.
Pasha, Mehmed [1874-1921]. Member of the Young Turk triumvirate, 1908. First
Vice-President of the Turkish Chamber of Deputies, 1909; Minister for the
Interior, 1909-1911; Minister of Post and Telegraph, 1912; Minister for the
Interior, 1913-7; Grand Vizier, 1917-8; assassinated.
M. [1855-1930]. Assistant Secretary at Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs,
1908-9; Ambassador at Constantinople, 1909-12.
Pasha, Ahmed [1845-1936]. Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs [1895-1909;
Grand Vizier, 1909; Ambassador at London, 1909-14.
Mr (since 1919 Sir) John A. C. [1869-1952]. Assistant Clerk, British Foreign
Office, 1904-6; 1st Secretary at Constantinople, 1906-8; Senior Clerk, 1910-3.
Grossadmiral Alfred von [1849-1930]. Secretary of State for the German Navy,
Count Stephan [1861-1918]. Hungarian Prime Minister, 1903-5, 1913-17.
Signor, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1903-5, 1906-9.
Major-General Sir Charles [1861-1924]. Commanded 6th Indian Division,
Mesopotamia, 1915-16. Prisoner of War after the siege of Kut, 1916-18.
Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir) Ernest Charles Thomas [1860-1926]. Naval
Attaché, Vienna, Madrid, Tokyo, 1901-4; Private Secretary to the First Lord,
1911; Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, 1912; Commander of the 1st Cruiser
Squadron, Mediterranean, 1912-4; Head of the British Naval Mission to Serbia,
Rear-Admiral, Commanded the Mittelmeerdivision, 1912-13.
Herr von, German Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-7; Ambassador at Vienna,
Rear-Admiral Frederick C. T. [1863-1946]. Third Sea Lord from August 1914.
Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1908-13.
Lt-Col. G. E. [1871-1917]. British Military Attaché, Constantinople,
1909-13; also at Athens, 1909-11 and Sofia 1911-3.
Sir William George [1866-1947]. Senior Clerk in the British Foreign Office,
Private Secretary to Sir E. Grey, 1907-15.
Admiral Guido von, Commanded Turkish land defences, Bosphorus and
Arminius [1832-1913]. British Agent at Constantinople.
Eleutherios [1864-1936]. Prime Minister of Greece, 1910-5, 1917-20, 1924,
Arthur de Vere [1852-1916]. British resident and agent for Vickers in
Constantinople until his return to London in October 1914.
Baron Hans Freiherr von [1859-1915]. German Minister at Athens, 1909-12;
Ambassador at Constantinople, 1912-15.
Mr Ernest [1861-1923]. British Commercial Attaché at Constantinople,
Mr (since 1909, Sir) J. B.Secretary of British Embassy at Constantinople,
1902-3; Secretary and Councillor of Embassy at Berlin, 1903-6; Minister at
Sir W. [1852-1932]. Adviser to Turkish Department of Public Works, 1900-11.
Admiral Sir Arthur Knyvet [1842-1921]. Commander-in-Chief of the Home and
Channel Fleets, 1901-7; First Sea Lord, 1910-11; employed at the Admiralty in an
unofficial capacity throughout the war.
General Sir Henry Hughes [1864-1922]. Director of Military Operations,
1910-4; chief liaison officer with the French Army, 1915.
Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Fawcet [1873-1932]. Commanded HMS Defence,
Mr C. A.1st Secretary at British Legation at Athens, 1905-10.
M. I. A.Russian Ambassador at Constantinople, 1898-1909.