Abbas II, Hilmi [1874-1944]. Khedive of
Egypt, 1892-1914. Educated at Vienna.
Abdul Hamid II, [1842-1918]. Sultan of
Ackermann, Kapitän zur See Richard, Captain,
SMS Goeben, 1914.
A’Court-Repington, Lt-Col. Charles
[1858-1925]. British Military Attaché at
Brussels and the Hague [1899-1902; Military
Correspondent of the Times, 1904-18.
Aehrenthal Alois, Baron Lexa Von (Count from
1909) [1854-1912]. Austro-Hungarian
Ambassador at St. Petersburgh [1899-1906;
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-1912.
H.R.H. Prince Alexander, Crown Prince of
Servia since 1909.
Amet, Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral) Jean
François Charles [1861-1940]. Commanded
Allied Squadron in the Aegean, 1918.
Arif Pasha, Turkish Governor of Adrianople,
1907; Minister of Marine, 1909.
Asquith, Herbert Henry [1852-1928]. Liberal
MP, 1886-1918, 1920-4. Home Secretary,
1892-5; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1905-8;
Prime Minister, 1908-16; Secretary of State
for War, 30 March-5 August, 1914.
Augagneur, Victor [1855-1931]. French
Minister of Marine, 1914-8.
Babington-Smith, Sir Henry [1863-1923].
Director of the National Bank of Turkey,
Balfour, Sir Arthur James (later the Earl of
Balfour) [1848-1930]. Conservative MP,
1874-85, 1885-1906, 1906-22. First Lord of
the Treasury, 1891-2, 1895-1902; Prime
Minister, 1902-5; First Lord of the
Admiralty, 1915-6; Foreign Secretary,
Ballard, Rear-Admiral George Alexander
[1862-1948]. Assistant Director of the
Intelligence Department; Director of the
Operations Division, Admiralty; Admiral of
Patrols, East Coast, 1914-16; Senior Naval
Officer, Malta, 1916-18.
Barclay, Mr. C. A. De R.2nd Secretary at
British Embassy at Paris, 1900-4; at Rio de
Janeiro, 1904-6; 1st Secretary at British
Legation at Bucharest, 1907-8 (sometimes
Chargé d’Affaires); at Sofia, 1908.
Barclay, Mr. (since 1908, Sir) G. H.
[1862-1921]. 2nd Secretary at British
Embassy, Constantinople, 1898-1902;
Secretary of Legation (later Councillor) at
Tokyo, 1902-6; Councillor of Embassy at
Constantinople, 1906-8 (sometimes Chargé
d’Affaires); Minister at Tehran,
1908-1912; at Bucharest, 1912-18.
Barrère, M. Camille, French Ambassador at
Sir Eric, Private Secretary to the Marquess
of Lansdowne, 1900-5; Assistant
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign
Battenberg, Prince Louis Alexander of (later
Admiral of the Fleet, Marquess of
Milfordhaven) [1854-1921]. Director of Naval
Intelligence, 1903-5; commanded 2nd Cruiser
Squadron, 1905-7; second in command,
Mediterraneanm 1908; C-in-C, Atlantic Fleet,
1910; Second Sea Lord, 1911; First Sea Lord,
Bayly, Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis [1857-1938].
Commander of the 3rd Battle Squadron,
1913-4; 1st Battle Squadron, 1914-15.
Bax-Ironside, Sir Henry George Outram
[1859-1929]. British Minister at Berne,
1909-11; at Sofia, 1911-15.
Beatty, Admiral David [1871-1936]. Naval
Secretary to the First Lord, 1912; in
command of the 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron
from 1914; C-in-C, Grand Fleet, 1916-19;
First Sea Lord, 1919-27.,
Beaumont, Sir Henry [1867-1949]. Counsellor
at Athens, 1910-4; Counsellor at
Constantinople, 1914 (Chargé d’Affaires
Benckendorff, Count Alexander [1849-1917].
Russian Ambassador at London, 1903-17.
Berchtold, Leopold, Count Von [1863-1942].
Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at St.
Petersburgh, 1906-11; Minister for Foreign
Beresford, Admiral Sir Charles William de la
Poer [1846-1919]. Conservative MP, 1874-80,
1885-9, 1897-1900, 1902, 1910-6.
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean, 1905-7;
Bertie, Sir Francis Leveson (since 1915, 1st
Baron; 1918, 1st Viscount) [1844-1919].
British Ambassador at Rome, 1903-4; at
Bethmann-Hollweg, Herr Theobald von
[1856-1921]. Prussian Minister of the
Interior, 1905-7; German Minister for the
Interior, 1907-9; German Imperial
Bienaimé, Amiral Amadée, Conducted the
French parliamentary inquiry into the
Black, Sir Frederick William [1863-1930].
Director of Naval Contracts, 1905-15;
managing director, Anglo-Persian Oil
Block, Sir Adam Samuel James [1865-1941].
Chief Dragoman to the British Embassy at
Constantinople [1894-1903; Representative of
the British and Dutch Bondholders on the
Council of the Ottoman Public Debt, 1903;
President of the British Chamber of Commerce
from 1907 to 1914.
Bompard, M. Maurice [1854-1935]. French
Ambassador at St Petersburg, 1902-8; at
Bridgeman, Admiral Sir Francis Charles
[1848-1929]. Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet,
1907-9; First Sea Lord, 1911-2. Removed to
make way for Battenberg.
Brodrick, William St. John Fremantle (9th
Viscount Midleton & 1st Earl of Midleton)
[1856-1942]. Conservative MP [1880-1906;
Secretary of State for War, 1900-3.
Brown, Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Francis
Clifton [1874-1963]. Head of the Naval
Mission to Greece, 1917-19.
Buchanan, Sir George William [1854-1924].
British Agent and Consul-General in
Bulgaria, 1903-9; Ambassador at St
Petersburg, 1910-18; at Rome, 1919-21.
Bülow, Herr Alfred Von, German Minister at
Bülow, Bernard Count Von (since 1905,
Prince) [1849-1929]. German Imperial
Buxton, Noel Edward [1869-1948]. Liberal MP,
1905-6, 1910-18. Labour MP, 1922-30.
Co-founded the Balkan Committee, 1903.,
Calice, Heinrich Baron Von, Austro-Hungarian
Ambassador at Constantinople, 1880-1906.
Callaghan, Sir George Astley, Admiral
[1852-1920]. Admiral commanding the First
and Second Fleets, 1911-14;
Commander-in-Chief, the Nore, 1915-18.,
Callwell, Major-General Charles Edward
[1859-1928]. Intelligence Branch, War Office
[1887-92. Retired from the Army in 1909 and
recalled to the active list in 1914.
Director of Military Operations and
Cambon, M. Jules, French Ambassador at
Madrid, 1902-7; at Berlin, 1907-14.
Cambon, M. Paul [1843-1924]. French
Ambassador at London [1898-1920.
Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry [1836-1908].
Liberal MP [1868-1908; Prime Minister, 5
December 1905-4 April 1908.
Carden, Vice-Admiral Sackville Hamilton
[1857-1930]. Admiral Superintendent, Malta,
1912-4; Commander of the Anglo-French
Squadrons in the Eastern Mediterranean 20
September 1914-16 March 1915.
Carnegie, Mr. L. D.Councillor of British
Embassy at Vienna, 1907-8 (sometimes
Cartwright, Sir Fairfax L. [1857-1928].
Councillor of British Embassy at Madrid,
1905-6; Minister Resident at Munich and
Stuttgart, 1906-8; Ambassador at Vienna,
Cassel, Sir Ernest [1852-1921]. British
Chamberlain, Right Hon. Joseph [1836-1914].
Secretary of State for the Colonies,
Chamberlain, Joseph Austen [1863-1937].
Conservative MP, 1892-1937. Chancellor of
the Exchequer, 1903-5.
H.M. King Charles I, King of Roumania,
Chirol, Mr. (later Sir) Valentine
[1852-1929]. Director of the Foreign
Department of the Times, 1899-1912.
Church, Captain W. D.Captain, HMS
Churchill, Sir Winston [1874-1965].
President of the Board of Trade, 1908-10;
Home Secretary, 1910-11; First Lord of the
Clemenceau, M. Georges [1841-1929]. French
Minister of the Interior, 1906; Premier and
Minister of the Interior, 1906-9; Premier
and Minister of War, 1917-20.
Clerk, Sir George R. [1874-1951]. First
Secretary at Constantinople, 1910-2; Senior
Clerk at the Foreign Office (Eastern
Condouriotis, Admiral Paul,
Commander-in-Chief, Greek navy, 1914.
Constans, M. Jean E. [1833-1913]. French
Ambassador at Constantinople 1899-1909.
[1868-1923]. King of Greece, 1913-17 and
Coode, Captain Charles Penrose Rushton
[1870-1939]. Commanded 5th destroyer
Corbett, Sir Julian [1854-1922]. Naval
Cradock, Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher
[1862-1914]. Rear-Admiral Commanding North
America & West Indies Station, 1913-14.
Killed at Coronel.
Crawford, Sir Richard Frederick [1863-1919].
Customs Adviser to the Ottoman Government,
1904-11; Adviser to the Ottoman Ministry of
Crease, Commander Thomas Evars [1875-1942].
Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord,
Crewe, Marquess [1858-1945]. Secretary of
State for the Colonies, 1908-10; Secretary
of State for India, 1910-15.
Cromer, 1st Earl of (Evelyn Baring)
[1841-1917]. British Consul-General and
Agent in Egypt [1883 [1885-1907.
Crowe, Mr. (later Sir) Eyre [1864-1925].
Entered Foreign Office [1885. Senior Clerk,
British Foreign Office, 1906-12; Assistant
Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs,
1912-20; Permanent Under-Secretary, 1920-5.,
Crozier, M.French Ambassador at Vienna,
Culme-Seymour, Rear-Admiral (later
Vice-Admiral Sir) Michael [1867-1925].
Director of Mobilization, Admiralty,
1916-18; commanded British Aegean Squadron,
Cunliffe-Owen, Major Frederick [1868-1946].
Attached to the Greek Army during the Balkan
Wars, 1912-3; Military Attaché to Turkey,
1913-4. Lieutenant-Colonel, October 1914.
Curzon of Kedleston, George Nathaniel, 1st
Baron [1859-1925]. Parliamentary
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
[1895-8; Viceroy and Governor-General of
Darrieus, Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral)
Pierre Joseph Gabriel Georges [1859-1931].
Commanded Division des écoles de la
Méditerranée, 1913; commanded 3e escadre
(Syrian Coast), 1914-15; commanded 2e escadre,
Dartige du Fournet, Vice-Amiral Louis René
[1856-1940]. Senior Admiral of International
Squadron at Constantinople, 1912-13; Préfet
Maritime, Bizerta, 1913-15.
De Bunsen, Sir Maurice William Ernest
[1852-1932]. First Secretary and Chargé
d’Affaires at Constantinople [1897-1902;
at Paris, 1902-5; Minister at Lisbon,
1905-6; Ambassador at Madrid, 1906-13; at
Delcassé, M. Théophile [1852-1923]. French
Minister of Foreign Affairs 1898-1905 and
Demidov, Alim Pavlovich, Prince of San
Donato, Russian Minister to Athens, 1912-7.
De Salis, Midshipman (later Captain) A.
F.Midshipman, HMS Defence, 1914.
Deterding, Henri Wilhelm August [1866-1939].
Director-General of Royal Dutch Petroleum.
Deville, Gabriel Pierre [1854-1940]. French
Minister to Athens, 1909-15.
Dewar, Commander (later Vice-Admiral)
Kenneth [1879-1964]. Commander, HMS
Prince of Wales, Home Fleet, 1914.
Dickens, Commander (later Admiral Sir)
Gerald Charles [1879-1962]. Commanded HMS
Harpy, 5th destroyer flotilla, 1914.
Dillon, Dr. Emile Joseph [1854-1933].
Philologist, author and journalist. Daily
Telegraph correspondent [1887-1914.
Djavid Pasha [1875-1926]. Turkish Deputy for
Salonica, member of the CUP inner circle.
Minister of Finance, 1909-11, 1912, and from
Djemal Pasha, Ahmed [1872-1922]. Member of
the CUP Central Committee. Vali of Adana,
1909; of Baghdad, 1911; Military Governor of
Constantinople, 1913; Minister of Public
Works, 1914; Minister of Marine, 1914;
commanded the 4th Army in Syria, 1914-7;
Minister of Marine, 1917-8; assassinated.
Djevad Bey, Turkish Councillor of Embassy at
Domvile, Commander Barry, Assistant
Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence,
Dönitz, Karl, Junior officer, SMS Breslau,
Douglas, General Sir Charles Wittingham
Horsley [1850-1914]. Chief of the Imperial
General Staff, 4 August-25 October, 1914.
Dumas, Captain (later Admiral) Philip Wylie
[1868-1948]. Naval Attaché, Germany, Denmark
and Holland, 1906-8; Secretary, Royal
Commission on Oil Fuel, 1912-13; commanded
HMS Roxburgh, 1913-14; Assistant
Director of Torpedoes, Admiralty, 1914-17;
commanded HMS Agamemnon, 1917-18.
Miss M. E. [1863-1944]. Balkan Correspondent
of the Manchester Guardian, etc.
Edhem Pasha, Marshal, Turkish Minister of
Eldridge, Mr. E. F. A. J.British Acting
Vice-Consul at Smyrna 1894-7; 1901-6; Acting
Elliot, Sir Francis Edmund Hugh [1851-1940].
British Agent and Consul-General in Bulgaria
1895-1903; Minister at Athens, 1903-17.
Emin Pasha, Turkish Minister of Marine,
Enver Pasha [1882-1922]. Turkish Military
Attaché at Berlin, 1909, 1912, 1913; served
in the Italo-Turkish War, 1912;
Lieutenant-Colonel, 1913; Major-General and
Minister of War from 1914; commanded the
Turkish Army in the Caucasus, 1914-5;
Errington, Viscount (since 1917, 2nd Earl of
Cromer), Private Secretary to Sir Charles
Erskine, Rt Hon. Sir William [1871-1952].
Second son of the 11th Earl of Mar and
Kellie. First Secretary, British Legation,
Esher, 2nd Viscount (Reginald Baliol Brett)
[1852-1930]. Liberal MP 1880-5. A permanent
member of the Committee of Imperial Defence,
Essad Pasha, Commander of the Turkish IIIrd
Army Corps, 1907-8. Leader of a provisional
Albanian Government from October 1914.
Ewart, Lt-Gen. Sir John Spencer [1861-1930].
Director of Military Operations, 1906-10.
Eyres, Mr. (later Sir) H. C. A.British
Consul-General at Constantinople, 1905-14.
Fakhri Pasha, Ferik, Turkish Vali of
Fallières, M. Armand [1841-1931]. President
of the French Republic, 1906-13.
Fehim Pasha, Head of the Secret Police in
HRH Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria 1887-1909;
HM the King of Bulgaria, 1909-18
Ferid Pasha, Turkish Grand Vizier, 1903-8;
Minister of the Interior, 1908-9.
Fisher, Admiral Sir John Arbuthnot (later
Admiral of the Fleet, Lord Fisher of
Kilverstone) [1841-1920]. Commander-in-Chief
of the Mediterranean Squadron, 1900-2;
Second Sea Lord, 1902; C-in-C, Portsmouth,
1903; First Sea Lord, 1904-10 and October
1914-May 1915. Head of the Royal Commission
on Fuel and Engines, 1912-4. Created Baron,
Fitzmaurice, Lord Edmond George (since 1906,
1st Baron Fitzmaurice of Leigh) [1846-1935].
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs 1883-5, 1905-8.
Fitzmaurice, Gerald Henry [1865-1939].
Student Interpreter 1888; acting Vice-Consul
at Van, 1891-2; at Erzeroum, 1892-3; at
Trebizond, 1893; acting Third Dragoman at
British Embassy, Constantinople, 1894-5;
Vice-Consul at Smyrna, 1895-6; at Adana,
1896; Third Dragoman, 1897; Consul at
Salonica, 1900-1; at the Dardanelles, 1902;
Consul at Constantinople, 1905; 2nd Dragoman
at Embassy at Constantinople, 1906-7; Chief
Franchet d’Esperey, General (later Marshal)
Louis Félix [1856-1942]. Fifth Army, 1914;
commanded Army Group of the East, 1916; Army
Group of the North, 1917; Army Group of the
Centre, 1918; Allied C-in-C, Salonica,
H.I.M. Franz Jospeh I [1830-1916]. Emperor
of Austria from 1848 and King of Hungary
Fremantle, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir)
Sydney [1867-1958]. Prosecutor, Troubridge
court-martial; commanded British Aegean
Squadron, 1917-18; Deputy Chief of the Naval
French, Field-Marshal Sir John Denton
Pinkstone [1852-1925]. Chief of the Imperial
General Staff, 1912-4; Commander-in-Chief of
the British Expeditionary Force, 1914-1915.
Gamble, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Douglas
Austin [1856-1934]. Naval Adviser to Turkish
Government, 1909-10; commander, 6th Cruiser
Squadron, 1910-4; 4th Battle Squadron,
1914-5; Admiralty War Staff, 1915-17.
Gauchet, Vice-Amiral Dominique Marie
[1857-1931]. Directeur, Service des Travaux,
1914; commanded French Squadron at the
Dardanelles, 1915-16; nominal Allied C-in-C,
Gauthier, Dr Armand Elzéar, French Minister
of Marine, 1914.
Gennadius, John [1844-1932]. Greek Minister
to London, 1910-8.
George, David Lloyd [1863-1945]. Liberal MP
[1890-1931. Chancellor of the Exchequer,
1908-15; Minister of Munitions, 1915-16;
Prime Minister & First Lord of the Treasury,
Ghazi Ahmed Mukhtar, Pasha [1839-1918].
President of the Turkish Senate, 1911; Grand
Vizier, July-October 1912.
Giers, M. Michael Nikolaevich de
[1856-1924]. Russian Minister at Bucharest,
1902-12; Ambassador at Constantinople,
1912-4; at Rome, 1915-7.
Girouard, Edouard Percy Cranwill
[1867-1932]. Director of Armstrong,
Whitworth & Co.1912; Director-General of
Munitions Supply, 1915-7.
Goltz, General Colmar von der [1843-1916].
German general on loan to reorganize the
Ottoman Army, 1883-95, 1908-11; Commander,
1st Turkish Army, Mesopotamia, April
Goschen, Sir William Edward [1847-1924].
British Ambassador at Vienna, 1905-8; at
Gough-Calthorpe, Vice-Admiral (later Admiral
of the Fleet) Sir Arthur [1864-1937].
Commanded 2nd Cruiser Squadron, 1914-16;
Second Sea Lord, 1916; C-in-C,
Graves, Mr (later Sir) Robert W.
[1858-1934]. British Consul-General at
Salonica, 1903-8; Delegate on the
International Financial Commission in
Macedonia, 1907; Adviser to the Ottoman
Ministry of Finance, 1909-14;
Inspector-General and Adviser to the Ottoman
Ministry of the Interior, 1914.
Greene, Sir William Graham [1857-1950].
Principal Clerk, Admiralty, 1902-7;
Assistant Secretary, 1907-11; Permanent
Grey, Sir Edward (since 1916, Viscount)
[1862-1933]. Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs, 11 December 1905 — 11 December
Grierson, Major-Gen. Sir James Moncrieff
[1859-1914]. Director of Military
Gryparis, M.Greek Minister at
Guépratte, Contre-Amiral (later Vice-Amiral)
Emile Paul Aimable [1856-1939]. Commanded
division de complément, August 1914; Escadre
des Dardanelles, September 1914-May 1915.
Guéshov, M. Ivan E. Prime Minister and
Foreign Minister of Bulgaria.
Guéshov, M. Ivan S. Bulgarian Diplomatic
Agent and Minister at Constantinople,
Gwinner, Herr Arthur von, Director of the
Hakki, Pasha [1863-1918]. Turkish Minister
of the Interior and of Public Instruction,
1908-9; Ambassador to Rome, 1909-10; Grand
Vizier, January 1910-September 1911;
conducted negotiations with the British
Government regarding Mesopotamia and the
Persian Gulf, 1913-14.
Haldane, Richard Burdon (since 1911, 1st
Viscount) [1856-1928]. Liberal MP
[1885-1911. Secretary of State for War,
1905-12; Lord Chancellor, 1912-5.
Halil, Pasha, Chairman of the Turkish
Chamber of Deputies.
Halim, Pasha, Mehmed Saïd [1863-1921].
President of the Council of State, 1912;
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Grand
Hall, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir)
William Reginald [1870-1943]. Director of
the Intelligence Division at the Admiralty,
Hamilton, Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Tower
[1856-1917]. Second Sea Lord, 1914-6.
Hanbury-Williams, General Sir John
[1859-1946]. Chief of the British Military
Mission, Russian Army in the Field, 1914-7.
Hankey, Maurice Pascal Alers (later 1st
Baron Hankey) [1877-1963]. Entered Royal
Marine Artillery, 1895; Captain, 1899. Naval
Intelligence Department, 1902-7; Assistant
Secretary of the Committee of Imperial
Defence, 1908-12; Secretary, C.I.D.1912-38;
of the War Council, November 1914-May 1915;
of the Dardanelles Committee, May-November
1915; of the Cabinet War Committee, December
1915-December 1916; of the War Cabinet,
1916-8. Lieutenant-Colonel, Royal Marines,
Hardinge, Sir Charles (since 1910, 1st Baron
Hardinge of Penshurst) [1858-1944].
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 1903-4; Ambassador at St.
Petersburg, 1904-6; Permanent
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs, 1906-10; Viceroy and
Governor-General of India, 1910-6;
Ambassador at Paris, 1920-2.
Hayes-Sadler, Rear-Admiral (later
Vice-Admiral) Arthur [1863-1952]. Commanded
HMS Ocean, 1914-15; Rear-Admiral,
Salonica and Piraeus, 1916-17; commanded
British Aegean Squadron, 1918. Relieved by
the Admiralty after the Goeben sortie
of January 1918.
Hicks-Beach, Sir M.Chancellor of the
Holbrook, Lieutanent Norman, VC. Commanded
submarine at Dardanelles, 1914.
Hopwood, Sir Francis John Stephens
[1860-1947]. Additional Civil Lord,
Huguet, Major (later Colonel), French
Military Attaché at London, 1906-11.
Humann, Korvettenkapitän Hans, Son of a
noted archaeologist. Commander of the German
Naval base (Etappenkommando),
Constantinople, 1914. Formerly commander of
Loreley, the German stationnaire
at the Porte.
Husni, Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at St
Hussein Hilmi, Pasha [1855-1923]. Turkish
Inspector General of Macedonia, 1902-8;
Minister of the Interior, 1908-9; Grand
Vizier, 1909; Ambassador at Vienna, 1912-18.
Hussein Husni Pasha, Turkish Commander of
the Investing Army, 1909.
Ibrahim Pasha, Commander in Chief of Turkish
IIIrd Army Corps, 1908-9.
Ibrahim Fethi Pasha, Turkish Minister at
Ibrahim Hakki Pasha, Legal Adviser to the
Sublime Porte, 1906; Minister of the
Interior and Public Instruction, 1909;
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1909-11.
Isvolsky, M. Alexander [1856-1919]. Russian
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1906-10;
Ambassador at Paris, 1910-7.
Jackson, Admiral Sir Henry Brawardine
[1855-1929]. Commanded RN War College,
1911-13; Chief of Admiralty War Staff, 1913;
was destined to replace Milne as C-in-C,
Medt.1914, but appointment rescinded; First
Sea Lord, May 1915-Decemebr 1916; President,
RN College, Greenwich, 1916-19.
Jackson, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral Sir)
Thomas [1868-1945]. Director of the
Intelligence Division, War Staff, 1912-13;
Director of the Operations Division, January
1915-June 1917; C-in-C, Egypt and Red Sea,
July 1917-January 1919.
Jagow, Gottlieb von [1863-1935]. German
Foreign Secretary, 1913-6.
Jellicoe, Admiral (later Admiral of the
Fleet) Sir John Rushworth [1859-1935].
Second Sea Lord, 1912-14; Commander-in-Chief
of the Grand Fleet, 1914-6; First Sea Lord,
1916-7. Created Viscount, 1918; 1st Earl,
Jevad Bey, Turkish Councillor of Embassy at
Joffre, General Joseph Jacques Césaire
[1852-1931]. Chief of French General Staff,
1911; C-in-C, French Armies in north and
north-east, 1914; C-in-C of French Armies in
the west, 1915-16.
Kelly, Captain (later Admiral Sir) William
A. Howard [1873-1952]. Commanded HMS
Gloucester, 1914-16; liaison officer at
French Ministry of Marine, 1916-17.
Kelly, Captain John D. [1871-1936].
Commanded HMS Dublin, 1914.
Kennedy, Captain Francis, Commanded HMS
Kerr, Philip Henry (later 11th Marquess of
Lothian) [1882-1940]. Secretary to Lloyd
Kerr, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Mark
Edward Frederic [1864-1944]. Naval Attaché,
Italy, Austria, Turkey and Greece, 1903-4.
Head of the British Naval Mission to Greece
and Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Navy,
1913-5; first flag officer to qualify as a
pilot, 1914; Commander-in-Chief of the
British Squadron in the Adriatic, 1916-7;
Major-General, Royal Air Force, 1918; Deputy
Chief of the Air Staff, 1918.
Kettner, Commander, Commanded SMS Breslau,
Kiamil Pasha [1832-1913]. Turkish Grand
Vizier, 1885-91, 1895; Vali of Smyrna,
1895-1906; Grand Vizier, August
1908-February 1909, October 1912-January
Kiderlen-Waechter, Herr von. German Minister
at Bucharest, 1899-1910; Attached to German
Foreign Office, 1908-9; Minister for Foreign
Kitchener, General Sir Herbert (later Earl
Kitchener) [1850-1916]. Sirdar of the
Egyptian Army [1892-9; Commander-in-Chief,
India, 1902-9; Agent and Consul-General at
Cairo, 1911-4; Secretary of State for War,
Kühlmann, Herr Richard von [1873-1949].
Councillor of German Embassy at London,
1908-14; on missions to Turkey and
Scandinavia, 1915-7; Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 1917-8.
Lamb, Mr (since 1919, Sir) Harry Harling
[1857-1948]. Chief Dragoman to the British
Embassy at Constantinople, 1903-7;
Consul-General at Salonica, 1907-13; at the
Foreign Office, 1914-8.
Lambert, Captain (later Admiral Sir) Cecil
Foley [1864-1928]. 4th Sea Lord, 1913-6;
commanded 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron
1916-18; commanded British Aegean Squadron,
Lamsdorff, Count, Russian Minister for
Foreign Affairs, 1901-6.
Lansdowne, The 5th Marquess of, [1845-1927].
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 12
November 1900 – 11 December 1905.
Lapeyrère, Vice-Admiral Auguste Emmanuel
Hubert Gaston Marie Boué de [1852-1924].
French Minister of Marine, 1909-11; C-in-C,
Première Armée Navale, 1911-15; Vice-Admiral
Commanding the Allied Naval forces,
Larken, Captain (later Admiral Sir) Frank
[1875-1953]. Commanded HMS Doris in
Eastern Mediterranean, 1914-16.
Lascelles, Sir Frank Cavendish [1841-1920].
British Ambassador at Berlin, 1895-1908.
Law, Andrew Bonar [1858-1923]. Conservative
MP, 1900-10, 1911-23. Leader of the
Opposition from 1911.
Le Bris, Vice-Amiral Pierre Ange Marie
[1856-1940]. Directeur du service des
travaux, 1912; conducted secret talks with
Battenberg, 1913; commanded 2e escadre,
Leveson, Rear-Admiral Arthur Cavenagh
[1868-1929]. Director of the Operations
Division, Admiralty, 1914-15.
Liman von Sanders, General (later Field
Marshal) Otto [1855-1929]. Head of the
German Military Mission to Turkey, 1913-4;
Inspector-General of Turkish Army, 1914;
commanded Turkish 5th Army at Gallipoli,
Limpus, Rear-Admiral (later Admiral) Sir
Arthur [1862-1931]. British Naval Adviser to
the Turkish Government, 1912-4;
Admiral-Superintendent, Malta, 1914-6.
Lloyd, George Ambrose (later 1st Baron)
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Long, Walter (later 1st Viscount Long)
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Lowther, Sir G. A. [1858-1916]. British
Minister at Tangier, 1905-8; Ambassador at
Lynch, H. F. B. [1862-1913]. Partner in the
Euphrates Steam Navigation Company.
Lyttelton, Hon. Sir Neville, General, Chief
of the General Staff, War Office, 1904-8.
McKenna, Reginald [1863-1943]. Liberal MP,
1895-1918. First Lord of the Admiralty,
1908-11; Home Secretary, 1911-5; Chancellor
of the Exchequer, 1915-6.
Mackenzie, Sir Edward Montague Compton
[1883-1972]. Author; worked for British
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Macleay, Mr J. W. R.2nd Secretary at the
British Embassy, Constantinople, 1905-7;
Chargé d’Affaires at Belgrade, 1907.,
Mahmud Mukhtar Pasha, Turkish Commander of
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Malinov, M.Bulgarian President of the
Mallet, Sir Louis du Pan [1864-1936].
Assistant Clerk, British Foreign Office,
1902-5; Private Secretary to Sir Edward
Grey, 1905-6; Senior Clerk, 1906-7;
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, 1907-13; Ambassador at
Marling, Mr (later Sir) Charles M.
[1862-1933]. Councillor of British Embassy
at Tehran, 1906-8; Councillor and Chargé
d’Affaires at Constantinople, 1908-13.
Marschall von Bieberstein, Adolf Baron
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Constantinople, 1897-1912; at London, 1912.
Marsh, Sir Edward [1872-1953]. Private
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Masterton-Smith, James Edward [1878-1938].
Private Secretary to the First Lord of the
Maxwell, Mr R. P.Senior Clerk in British
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May, Admiral of the Fleet Sir William
[1849-1930]. Third Sea Lord, 1901; C-in-C,
Atlantic Fleet, 1905; Second Sea Lord, 1907;
C-in-C, Home Fleet, 1909-11; C-in-C,
Mehmed Reshad Effendi [1844-1918]. Sultan of
Mehmed Riza Pasha. Turkish Minister of War,
Count [1861-1945]. 1st Secretary at the
Austro-Hungarian Embassy at London, 1904;
Ambassador at London, 1904-14.
Mercier de Lostende, Capitaine de Vaisseau
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Naval Attaché at London, 1905-11; 1916-18.
Metternich, Count Paul von Wolff-, German
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C-in-C, Portsmouth, 1912-16; President of
the Court of Inquiry convened to investigate
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Milne, Admiral Sir Archibald Berkeley
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Fleet, 1905; second in command, Channel,
1908; commanded 2nd division, Home Fleet,
1909-10; Commander-in-Chief of the
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Milne, Lt-General (later Field Marshal) Sir
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Officer, III Corps, 1914; commanded 27th
Division, 1915; commanded XVI Corps, 1916;
Commander-in-Chief, British Salonica Force,
Milovanovic, M.Serbian Minister for Foreign
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Fisher, 1907-8; Director of Naval Ordnance
and Torpedoes, 1909-12; Third Sea Lord,
1912-14; Commander of the 2nd Battle Cruiser
Morgenthau, Henry [1856-1946]. American
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Liberal MP, 1883-1908. Secretary of State
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Murray, General Sir James Wolfe
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Musurus Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at London,
Napier, Lt.-Col. Henry Dundas [1864-1941].
British Military Attaché at Belgrade,
Nazim Bey, Head of Military police at
Niaza Bey, Major. C.U.P. activist. Conducted
a guerrilla campaign in the vicinity of
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H. I. M. Nicholas II [1868-1918]. Emperor of
Nicholson, Field Marshal Sir William
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Nicolson, Sir Arthur (since 1916, 1st Baron
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Madrid, 1905-6; at St Petersburg, 1906-10;
Permanent Under-Secretary of State for
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Noble, Saxton William Armstrong [1863-1942].
Managing Director, Armstrong, Whitworth and
O’Beirne, Mr H. J. [1866-1916]. British
Councillor of Embassy at St Petersburg,
O’Conor, Sir Nicolas [1843-1908]. British
Ambassador at Constantinople, 1898-1908.
Oliver, Vice-Admiral (later Admiral of the
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assistant to Sir John Fisher, 1908-10;
Director of Naval Intelligence, 1913-4;
Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, November
Osman Pasha, , Marshal of the Turkish Army,
Osten-Sacken, Count, Russian Ambassador at
Legal Adviser to the Porte, 1898-1914; later
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Ottley, Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Langley
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1905-7, Secretary of the Committee of
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Pakenham, Captain (later Admiral Sir)
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Tsushima, 1904; Fourth Sea Lord, 1911;
Rear-Admiral commanding 3rd Cruiser
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Paléologue, M. Maurice Georges [1859-1944].
French Minister at Sofia, 1907-12; Director
of Political and Commercial Affairs, French
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Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at
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in British Foreign Office, 1906-12;
Assistant Clerk, 1912-17, Librarian,
Parry, Lieutenant (later Admiral Sir)
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Grasshopper, 5th destroyer flotilla,
1914. Commanded HMS Achilles, Battle
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Paschwitz, Vice-Admiral Hubert von Rebeur-
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Pasic, M. Nikola, [c.1846-1926]. Serbian
Prime Minister, 1906-8, 1909-11; Prime
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Peirse, Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Henry
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Pelletan, Camille, French Minister of
Phillimore, Captain (later Admiral Sir)
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Commanded Inflexible at the battle of
the Falkland Islands, 1914 and at the
Dardanelles, 1915. Principal Beach Master
during the landings at Gallipoli, 1915.
Pichon, M. Stephan, French Minister for
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Pohl, Admiral Hugo von, Chief of the German
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1906; Prime Minister and Minister for
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President of the French Republic, 1913-20.
Popovic, M.Serbian Minister at St
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Rear-Admiral, 1916; Vice-Admiral, 1920;
Knighted, 1921; Admiral, 1925.
Quadt, von Wykradt von, Count, German
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Rendel, George, Third Secretary at British
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1908-9; Minister for Foreign Affairs,
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Riza Bey, Ahmed [1859-1950]. Turkish
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Riza Pasha, General, Turkish Minister of
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Rouvier, M. Maurice, French Finance
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Second Dragoman at the British Embassy,
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Turkish Grand Vizier, 1882-5, 1895, 1901-3,
22 July-5 August 1908, September 1911-July
Saint-Seine, Capitaine de vaisseau Jean
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The 3rd Marquis of [1830-1903]. Secretary of
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Samson, Major L. L. R. British Consul at
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Postmaster-General, 1910-4; President of the
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San Giuliano, Marquis di, Italian Minister
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Satow, Mr H. E.British Vice-Consul at Usküb,
1904-6; Acting Consul-General at Salonica,
Sazonov, M. Sergei Dmitrievich [1866-1927].
Councillor of Russian Embassy at London,
1904-6; Agent to the Vatican, 1906-9;
Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Schoen, Herr von, German Ambassador at St
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Captain of the RN Gunnery School, 1903-5;
Inspector of Target Practice, 1905. Hauled
down flag 1909 but recalled to Admiralty for
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Selves, M. de, French Minister for Foreign
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Shevket, Pasha, Mahmud [1856-1913]. Turkish
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Liberal MP, 1906-18, 1922-31.
Solicitor-General, 1910-3; Attorney-General
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Commander of the German Mediterranean
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Appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish
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Sowerby, Captain Charles, Commanded HMS
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Stamfordham, Baron (Arthur John Bigge)
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Queen Victoria, 1880-95; Private Secretary,
1895-1901; Private Secretary to Prince
Geogre, 1901-10; to King George V, 1910-31.
Stanley, Beatrice Venetia [1887-1948]. A
cousin of Clementine Churchill and Asquith’s
Stemrich, Herr, German Under-Secretary of
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Stolypin, M.Russian Prime Minister, 1906-11.
Sturdee, Rear-Admiral Sir Frederick Charles
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Naval Intelligence, 1900-2; Rear-Admiral,
Home Fleet, 1909-10; Chief of the Admiralty
War Staff, 1914; Commander-in-Chief of the
4th Battle Squadron, 1915-8.
Surtees, Colonel H. C.Military Attaché to
the British Embassy at Constantinople and
the Legation at Athens, 1905-9.
Sydenham, 1st Baron (Sir George Clarke)
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Imperial Defence, 1904-7.
Sykes, Sir Mark [1879-1919]. Conservative
MP, 1910-9. Honorary Attaché at
Constantinople, 1905-7; British negotiator
of an inter-Allied territorial settlement
for the Near East, 1916.
Szögyényi-Marich, Count, Austro-Hungarian
Ambassador at Berlin, 1892-1914.
Talaat, Pasha, Mehmed [1874-1921]. Member of
the Young Turk triumvirate, 1908. First
Vice-President of the Turkish Chamber of
Deputies, 1909; Minister for the Interior,
1909-1911; Minister of Post and Telegraph,
1912; Minister for the Interior, 1913-7;
Grand Vizier, 1917-8; assassinated.
Tcharykov, M. [1855-1930]. Assistant
Secretary at Russian Ministry for Foreign
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Tewfik Pasha, Ahmed [1845-1936]. Turkish
Minister for Foreign Affairs [1895-1909;
Grand Vizier, 1909; Ambassador at London,
Tilley, Mr (since 1919 Sir) John A. C.
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Foreign Office, 1904-6; 1st Secretary at
Constantinople, 1906-8; Senior Clerk,
Tirpitz, Grossadmiral Alfred von
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German Navy, 1897-1916.
Tisza, Count Stephan [1861-1918]. Hungarian
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Tittoni, Signor, Italian Minister for
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Townshend, Major-General Sir Charles
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Mesopotamia, 1915-16. Prisoner of War after
the siege of Kut, 1916-18.
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Ernest Charles Thomas [1860-1926]. Naval
Attaché, Vienna, Madrid, Tokyo, 1901-4;
Private Secretary to the First Lord, 1911;
Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, 1912;
Commander of the 1st Cruiser Squadron,
Mediterranean, 1912-4; Head of the British
Naval Mission to Serbia, 1915-16.
Trummler, Rear-Admiral, Commanded the
Tschirschky, Herr von, German Minister for
Foreign Affairs, 1906-7; Ambassador at
Tudor, Rear-Admiral Frederick C. T.
[1863-1946]. Third Sea Lord from August
Turkhan Pasha, Turkish Ambassador at St
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Military Attaché, Constantinople, 1909-13;
also at Athens, 1909-11 and Sofia 1911-3.
Tyrrell, Sir William George [1866-1947].
Senior Clerk in the British Foreign Office,
Private Secretary to Sir E. Grey, 1907-15.
Usedom, Admiral Guido von, Commanded Turkish
land defences, Bosphorus and Dardanelles,
Vambéry, Arminius [1832-1913]. British Agent
Venizelos, Eleutherios [1864-1936]. Prime
Minister of Greece, 1910-5, 1917-20, 1924,
Vere, Arthur de Vere [1852-1916]. British
resident and agent for Vickers in
Constantinople until his return to London in
Wangenheim, Baron Hans Freiherr von
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1909-12; Ambassador at Constantinople,
Weakley, Mr Ernest [1861-1923]. British
Commercial Attaché at Constantinople,
Whitehead, Mr (since 1909, Sir) J.
B.Secretary of British Embassy at
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Councillor of Embassy at Berlin, 1903-6;
Minister at Belgrade, 1906-10.
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Turkish Department of Public Works, 1900-11.
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unofficial capacity throughout the war.
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Wray, Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Fawcet
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Young, Mr C. A.1st Secretary at British
Legation at Athens, 1905-10.
Zinoviev, M. I. A.Russian Ambassador at